Reasoning

Number and Word based Problem

Directions (Q.1-5) : These questions are based on the five words given below:
                        FUR     ACT     BID     DYE     COW
(The new words formed after performing the mentioned operations may or may not necessarily be meaningful English words)

Q.1 How many letters are there in the English alphabetical series between the second letter of the word which is second from the right and the third letter of the word which is second from the left among the given words?

  1. Four
  2. Six
  3. Nine
  4. Five
  5. Two

Q.2 If in each of the given words, each of the consonants is changed to the previous letter and each vowel is changed to the next letter in the English alphabetical series, in how many words thus formed will no vowel appear?

  1. Three
  2. One
  3. Two
  4. More than three
  5. None

Q.3 If the given words are arranged in the order as they would appear in a dictionary from left to right, which of the following will be the second from the right?

  1. BID
  2. FUR
  3. DYE
  4. COW
  5. ACT

Q.4 If the last letter in each of the words is changed to the next alphabet in the English alphabetical order, how many words will be formed in which two or more vowels appear? (same or different vowels)

  1. One
  2. Two
  3. Four
  4. Three
  5. None

Q.5 If the positions of the first and the second letter of each of the words are interchanged, which of the following will form a meaningful English word?

  1. Only ACT
  2. Only COW
  3. Both BID and DYE
  4. Both COW and FUR
  5. Only BID

Directions (Q.6-10): The following questions are based on the five words given below:
                                    PLY     SET     RID     ANY     TWO

Q.6 If first alphabet in each of the words is changed to next alphabet as per the English alphabetical order, how many words having more than one vowel (same or different vowels) will be formed?

  1. None
  2. Three
  3. Two
  4. One
  5. Four

Q.7 If each letter in each word is arranged in alphabetical order (within the word), how many words will remain unchanged as compared to the original set of words?

  1. Four
  2. None
  3. One
  4. Two
  5. Three

Q.8 If in each of the given words, each of the consonants is changed to the previous letter and each vowel is changed to the next letter as per the English alphabetical order, in how many words thus formed will no vowel appear?

  1. Five
  2. Three
  3. Two
  4. One
  5. Four

Q.9 If the given words are arranged in the order as they would appear in a dictionary from left to right, which of the following will be fourth from the right?

  1. TWO
  2. PLY
  3. SET
  4. RID
  5. ANY

Q.10 How many letters are there in the English alphabetical order between the first letter of the word which is second from the right and the second letter of the word which is second from the left of the given words?

  1. Three
  2. Nine
  3. Six
  4. Five
  5. Two

Q.11 Which one of the given responses would be a meaningful order of the following words? Doctor, Fever, Medicine, Medical Shop

  1. Medical Shop, Medicine, Fever, Doctor
  2. Fever, Doctor, Medical Shop, Medcine
  3. Doctor, Medical Shop, Medicine, Fever
  4. Medicine, Doctor, Medical Shop, Fever

Q.12 Arrange the following words according to the dictionary:
a. Grasp
b. Granite
c. Grass
d. Graph
e. Grape

  1. E, A, B, C, D
  2. E, A, C, B, D
  3. B, E, D, A, C
  4. B, E, A, D, C

Q.13 Which one of the given responses would be a meaningful order of the following?
a. Child
b. Doctor
c. Illness
d. Medicine
e. Hospital

  1. A, C,E, B, D
  2. B, C,A, D, E
  3. D, B, A, C, E
  4. A, B, C, D, E

Q.14 Arrange the numbers into ascending order:
a. 864253
b. 842563
c. 825643
d. 834562
e. 852463

  1. A, C, B, E, D
  2. B, D, C, E, A
  3. C, D, B, E, A
  4. D, E, C, A, B

Q.15 Find out a set of numbers amongst the four sets of numbers given in the alternatives, which is most like the set given in the question.
Given Set: (2, 10, 58)

  1. (4, 20, 56)
  2. (7, 42, 59)
  3. (12, 24, 47)
  4. (9, 27, 81)

Directions (Q.16-20): In each of the following questions find the odd word/letters/number pair/figure from the given alternatives.

Q.16

  1. 55  x  5
  2. 15  x  15
  3. 5  x  45
  4. 25  x  9

Q.17.

  1. Reject
  2. Refuse
  3. Renounce
  4. Redeem

Q.18.

  1. Skin
  2. Nose
  3. Ear
  4. Kidney

Q.19.

  1. Jungle
  2. Forest
  3. Woods
  4. Animals

Q.20.

  1. BYCX
  2. CXDW
  3. AZYB
  4. DWEV

Directions (Q.21-25): Following questions are based on the five three-digit numbers given below:
219   742   936   587   853

Q.21 If all the numbers are arranged in descending order from left to right, which of the following will be the product of the first and the second digits of the number which is exactly in the middle of the new arrangement?
219   742   936   587   853

  1. 18
  2. 28
  3. 54
  4. 21
  5. 45

Q.22 One is subtracted from the first digit and two is subtracted from third the digit of each of the numbers. What will be the difference between the first digit of the highest number and the third digit of the lowest number?
219   742   936   587   853

  1. 3
  2. 4
  3. 5
  4. 2
  5. 1

Q.23 What will be the resultant if the third digits of the highest number is divided by the first digit of the lowest number?
219   742   936   587   853

  1. 3
  2. 4
  3. 5
  4. 2
  5. 1

Q.24 If the positions of the first and the third digits of each of the numbers are interchanged, what will be sum of all the digits of the second highest number thus formed?
219   742   936   587   853

  1. 20
  2. 16
  3. 18
  4. 13
  5. 12

Q.25 If all the digits in each of the numbers are arranged in descending order within the number, which of the following will form the lowest number in the new arrangement of numbers?
219   742   936   587   853

  1. 219
  2. 742
  3. 936
  4. 587
  5. 853

Q.26 1 is subtracted from each odd digits and 1 is added to each even digit in the number 4873529. which of the following will be the difference between the second digit from the left and the third digit from the right of the new number thus formed:

  1. 4
  2. 3
  3. 5
  4. 2
  5. 6

Q.27 if it is possible to make only meaningful word from the first, fifth, seventh and Eighth letters of the word SPONTANEOUS, Then the second letter from the left is your answer. if no such can be formed then your answer is X and if more than such word can be formed your answer is Y. 

  1. X
  2. T
  3. E
  4. S
  5. Y

Q.28 How many such pairs are there in the number 935126 each of which has as many digits between them in the number as when the digits are rearranged in descending order within the number?

  1. None
  2. One
  3. Two
  4. Three
  5. more than three 

Q.29 A mountains would necessarily have

  1. Some trees
  2. a valley
  3. a Peak
  4. a steep cliff
  5. snow

Q.30 How many such pairs of digits are there in number ‘5391246’ in both backward & forward direction, each of which has as many digits between them in the number when the digits are arranged in ascending order within the number?

  1. None
  2. One
  3. Two
  4. Three
  5. more than three

ANSWERS:

1-1  2-1  3-3  4-2  5-1  6-4  7-3  8-5  9-2  10-1 11-2  12-3  13-1  14-3  14-1 15-3 16-1  17-4  18-4 19-4  20-3  21-2  22-5  23-1  24-1  25-2   26-3  27-5  28-5  29-3 30-3

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *