2.12 NATIONAL PARKS AND WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES

There are more than 100 national parks and more than 550 wild life sanctuaries. Madhya Pradesh and Andaman and Nicobar Island having the maximum number of National Parks (9 each).  Hemis National Park is the largest National Park of India, which is situated at Jammu and Kashmir.  Jim Corbett National is the oldest National Park of India, which is in […]

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2.11 NATURAL VEGETATION

Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests  In such areas rainfall is over 250 cm.  In Western Ghats, Hilly areas in North-East India and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  Trees are Rose Wood, Shisham, Ebony, Ironwood etc. Tropical Most Deciduous Forest  In such areas rainfall having between 100-200 cm.  In peninsular region and along the foot hills of Himalayas in Shivalik, […]

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2.10 CROPPING SEASONS and IMPORTANT CROPS

Kharif Crops Sown in summer between May and July, and harvested after the rains, in September and October. For e.g. Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Maize Cotton, Jute, Pulses, Sugarcane, Tobacco, Groundnut etc. Rabi Crops Sown at the beginning of winter and harvested before the onset of summer season, between February and April. For e.g. Wheat, Barley, Oil seed, Gram, Potatoes etc. […]

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2.9 THE INDIAN STATES ON INTERNATIONAL

Bordering Pakistan Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat. Bordering China Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh. Bordering Nepal Bihar, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim and West Bengal. Bordering Bangladesh West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. Bordering Bhutan West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Bordering Myanmar Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and […]

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2.8 FACTS ABOUT POSITION OF STATES and TRIBAL GROUPS IN INDIA

 Uttar Pradesh borders the maximum number of states i.e. 8 (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar). Assam touches the border of 7 states.  Tropic of Cancer passes through 8 states: Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Tripura, Mizoram, Jharkhand.  9 states forms the coast of India: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West […]

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2.7 Major River Valley Projects and Major Rivers of India

Major River Valley Projects in India Bhakra Nangal Project: On Satluj in Punjab, Highest in India. Ht- 226m, Reservoir is called Govind Sagar Lake. Mandi Project: On Beas in Himachal Pradesh Chambal Valley: On Chambal in Madhya Pradesh & Rajasthan 3 dams are there : Gandhi Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Jawahar Sagar Dam. Damodar Valley Project: On Damodar in Bihar, based on Tennessee valley […]

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2.5 RIVERS OF THE PENINSULA

 Mahanadi (858km)  Rises in the main district of Chhatisgarh, Raipur. Main tributaries: Seonath, Hasdo, Mand, Jonk, Tel. etc.  Godavari (1465 km) Also called Vriddha Ganga or Dakshina Ganga. It is the longest peninsular river, rises in Nasik. Main tributaries: Manjira, Pravara, Wardha, Indravati, Wainganga, Sabari.  Krishna (1400 km) Rises in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar. Main tributaries : Koyna, Dudha Ganga, Panchganga, Malprabha, Ghatprabha, Bhima, Tungabhadra, […]

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2.4 RIVERS

In India, the rivers can be divided into two main groups:  Himalayan River  Peninsular River HIMALAYAN RIVER Indus River rises in the northern slopes of Kailash Ghats, near Mansarovar, Tibet (China). It enters in India in Jammu and Kashmir and with its tributaries it forms a Picturesque Gorge. In India, its tributaries are Zanskar, Dras, Gartang, Shyok, Shigar, Nubra, […]

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2.3 Soils in India

Study of soil is known as Pedology. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has divided Indian soils into eight major groups. Alluvial Soil It is the most important soil group of India. They are composed of sediments deposited by rivers and the waves, and their chemical composition makes them the most fertile in the world. Usually deficient in Nitrogen […]

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